The BOM have issued a special climate statement for an extreme heat anomaly for parts of Australia
PICTURE of the SPATIAL PATTERN of the HEAT ANOMALY
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Climate statement 47
.quote” For the week ending 4 January, average maximum temperatures were 8°C or more above normal over parts of southern inland Queensland, and were at least 6°C above normal over most inland regions of that State, as well as parts of northern inland New South Wales. Inland Queensland has been seriously affected by drought over the last 12 months and it is possible that low soil moisture was a contributor to the intensity of the heat.
The highest temperature to occur during the heatwave was 49.3°C at Moomba, in the far northeast of South Australia, on 2 January. (It was marginally hotter, 49.6°C, at the same location in January 2013).
12 locations in northern South Australia, southwest Queensland and northwest New South Wales reached 48°C or above (Table 3). This included a site record 49.1°C at Walgett on 3 January, which was also the highest temperature observed at any New South Wales location since 1939 (when it reached 50.0°C at Wilcannia and 49.7°C at Menindee during the heatwave associated with Black Friday).
45°C was exceeded over most of the central and eastern interior of Australia, as well as over the Nullarbor (Figure 2).
The most significant records broken were on 3 January. It was the hottest day on record for Queensland, in area-averaged terms, for daily maximum, minimum and mean temperature (Table 4), with the statewide mean temperature exceeding the previous record by an extraordinary 0.75°C.
The day was the hottest on record over 10.2 per cent of Queensland and 14.6 per cent of New South Wales (Figure 3), a region covering most of the Maranoa and Warrego in Queensland, and the Northwest Slopes and Plains and Northern Tablelands in New South Wales. In total, record high maximum temperatures occurred over 8.8 per cent of Australia from 1 to 4 January, including 16.8 per cent of New South Wales, 16.8 per cent of the Northern Territory, 15.2 per cent of Queensland and 7.9 per cent of South Australia.
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Special climate statement no 47